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Quelques réflexions sur la décision du tribunal arbitral du 12 juillet 2016 quant à la nature des récifs en Mer de Chine

Abstract : The award of the arbitral Tribunal constituted under annex VII to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, dated 12th of July 2016, is of great interest, even if it cannot yet be judged to be a landmark ruling. This study chooses to focus on certain aspects of this award, such as the reiteration of well-defined principles along with the clarification of others, which were until then only mildly defined. Indeed, the distinction made by the judges between low-tide elevations and features above water at high tide (and thus entitled to generate maritime zones) is not new, but the accuracy of the award on this aspect is appreciated. The tribunal also applies the legal regime of islands in a very classic manner, drawing the conclusion that the features of the South China Sea which are at stake between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of the Philippines, are not entitled to maritime zones of more than a mere territorial sea belt of 12 nautical miles. The interest in this reasoning lies in the rigorous steps taken by the arbitral Tribunal. It is their eradication of all artificial parts of the reefs from their ruling, and the application of article 121, paragraph 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea with a renewed clarity that will be of great benefit for the future .
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https://hal-nantes-universite.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03828645
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 25, 2022 - 1:25:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 18, 2022 - 11:04:06 AM

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Nicolas Kempf. Quelques réflexions sur la décision du tribunal arbitral du 12 juillet 2016 quant à la nature des récifs en Mer de Chine. Neptunus, 2016, 22 (3), pp.1-7. ⟨hal-03828645⟩

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