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Preterm Birth and Small-for-Gestational Age Neonates among Prepregnancy Underweight Women: A Case-Controlled Study

Abstract : The aim of our study was to investigate whether prepregnancy underweight body mass index (BMI) is associated with preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). This retrospective case-control study included 814 women with live singleton fetuses in vertex presentation that gave birth between January 2016 and November 2016 in two tertiary care hospitals. The study group (n = 407) comprised all women whose prepregnancy BMI was underweight (<18.5 kg/m2) and who delivered during the study period. A control group (n = 407) was established with women whose prepregnancy BMI was normal (18.5–24.9 kg/m2) by matching age and parity. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to compare PTB and SGA associated with prepregnancy underweight BMI. Compared with the control group, the study group had higher rates of overall PTB (10.1% vs. 5.7%, p = 0.02), iatrogenic PTB (4.2% vs. 1.5%, p = 0.02), and SGA (22.1% vs. 11.1%, p < 0.001). In a multivariable analysis, prepregnancy underweight BMI was associated with PTB (aOR 2.32, 95% CI 1.12–4.81) and with SGA (aOR 2.38, 95% CI 1.58–3.58). In singleton pregnancies, women’s prepregnancy underweight compared with normal BMI was associated with an increase in PTB and in SGA neonates. Identifying this specific high-risk group is pragmatic and practical for all physicians, and they should be aware about perinatal outcome among underweight women.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03791306
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 10:27:29 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 27, 2022 - 5:54:08 PM

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Emelyne Lefizelier, Emilie Misbert, Marion Brooks, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Norbert Winer, et al.. Preterm Birth and Small-for-Gestational Age Neonates among Prepregnancy Underweight Women: A Case-Controlled Study. La Revue de Médecine Interne, 2021, 42 (3), pp.154-161. ⟨10.3390/jcm10245733⟩. ⟨hal-03791306⟩

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