New insights into the role of matrix metalloproteinase 3 ( MMP3 ) in bone - Nantes Université Access content directly
Journal Articles FASEB BioAdvances Year : 2022

New insights into the role of matrix metalloproteinase 3 ( MMP3 ) in bone

Abstract

The Matrix Metalloproteinases are important regulators of bone metabolism and can influence bone mass and bone remodeling. We investigate the role of Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) on bone in mice, by using Mmp3 knockout (Mmp3 KO) in the context of estrogen deficiency, and in human, by analyzing the association of promoter polymorphism with bone mineral density in postmenopausal women and with MMP3 expression. We presented evidence in this paper that Mmp3 KO significantly increases trabecular bone mass and trabecular number and does not affect cortical bone thickness. We also found that Mmp3 KO protects from the deleterious effects of ovariectomy on bone mineral density in mice by preventing deterioration of bone microarchitecture. The effect of Mmp3 KO does not involve bone formation parameters but instead acts by inhibition of bone resorption, leading to a reduced bone loss associated to ovariectomy. By studying a human cohort, we found that a polymorphism located in the promoter of the human MMP3 gene is associated with bone mineral density in postmenopausal women and found that MMP3 rs632478 promoter variants are associated with change in promoter activity in transfection experiments. In conclusion MMP3, although weakly expressed in bone cells, could be one of the important regulators of sex hormone action in bone and whose activity could be targeted for therapeutic applications such as in Osteoporosis.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03898674 , version 1 (16-12-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Frédéric Jehan, Mylène Zarka, Guillaume de la Houssaye, Joëlle Veziers, Agnès Ostertag, et al.. New insights into the role of matrix metalloproteinase 3 ( MMP3 ) in bone. FASEB BioAdvances, 2022, 4 (8), pp.524-538. ⟨10.1096/fba.2021-00092⟩. ⟨hal-03898674⟩
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