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De Genève à Wrocław et Auschwitz : La réception de Georg Lukács par Hans Mayer (traduction)

Abstract : At the first of Rencontres Internationales de Genève, in 1946 about “The European Spirit”, Hans Mayer, in the controversy between Georg Lukács and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, sent Marxism off from philosophy to ‚its place‘ in politics. But since Mayer’s review of Lukács’s German Literature during Imperialism in 1947, a development can be seen in Mayer’s essays, speeches at writers’ congresses in Berlin 1947 and Frankfurt on Main as well as his reports on the journey to Auschwitz from the Wroclaw World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace in 1948, his picking up two central concepts of philosophy of history which Lukács coined in his Geneva speech: first, the differentiation between four crises of the European spirit: the crisis of democracy, of the “idea of progress”, of the “belief in reason” and of “humanism”, second, the differentiation of three stages in the world history of the ‘idea of equality’: the Christian equality “before God”, the equality “in law” of the French Revolution and the socialist equality “in real life”. In 1949 the student of philosophy Hans Heinz Holz wrote about Mayer’s book Literature of the Time of Transition that he has “continued Lukács’s work in Germany” by “unfolding a main connecting philosophical thread” for “a new way of looking at German literature”.
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https://hal-nantes-universite.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03453740
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 28, 2021 - 6:25:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 9:56:36 AM

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Bénédicte Terrisse, Helmut Peitsch. De Genève à Wrocław et Auschwitz : La réception de Georg Lukács par Hans Mayer (traduction). 2021, pp.29-53. ⟨10.4000/rgi.2644⟩. ⟨hal-03453740⟩

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