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De transporteurs à soigneurs ? Vers une segmentation du travail des ambulanciers privés français

Abstract : This article represents a contribution to the sociology of work and to the sociology of occupations. The author undertook a direct participatory observation of the day-to-day lives of French private ambulance drivers, whose work remains a blind spot in sociological research dedicated to the healthcare professions. Beyond the dominant social representation of the ambulance driver as a “transporter”, the enquiry reveals the multiple care tasks that they undertake, in particular the technical care practised within the framework of emergency health transport. In 2007, the creation of the state degree for ambulance drivers, which sought to extend their healthcare remit in this domain, signalled a turning point in the history of this professional group. It provided an opportunity to satisfy the claims of a section of the group that was seeking to acquire the status of emergency specialists by drawing on the example of European and American ambulance paramedics. However, despite favourable technological and scientific factors, the outcome of this process of segmentation still remains uncertain today, partly because of obstacles internal to the professional group, but also because of the political and corporatist barriers in its way.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 12:58:19 PM
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Sylvie Morel. De transporteurs à soigneurs ? Vers une segmentation du travail des ambulanciers privés français. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2018, 60 (1), ⟨10.4000/sdt.1736⟩. ⟨hal-03376201⟩



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