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Régimes de citoyenneté, actions linguistiques et migrations en Europe

Abstract : At a time when immigration is provoking violent debates in Europe, the question of migrants’ language practices is a political one. Because public authorities consider “national” languages to be vectors for equal opportunity, social integration, and citizen participation, projects have developed to encourage adult migrants to learn them. This article examines how public action in European countries has been restructured around new linguistic issues, and the processes of hierarchization and selection inherent in social and linguistic policy. Comparing two European cities, Nantes (France) and Bristol (United Kingdom), we examine the connection between different citizenship regimes and the construction of language learning schemes for adult migrants at various levels. The article highlights the methods of legitimization and categorization used at different times and at national, European, and local levels, depending on shifting logics of social justice.
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Joanne Walker. Régimes de citoyenneté, actions linguistiques et migrations en Europe. Langage et Société, Maison des Sciences de L'homme Paris, 2019, N°168 (3), pp.139. ⟨10.3917/ls.168.0139⟩. ⟨hal-03371465⟩



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