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Journal Articles L'Encéphale Year : 2021

Autobiographical memory in Korsakoff syndrome: A review


Autobiographical memory (AM) (i.e., memory for personal information) is a unique form of memory that goes beyond recalling information such as what, where and when of an event, to include what that event means and why it is important to our life story. This paper therefore reviews the available literature on AM in Korsakoff syndrome (KS). It summarizes the characteristics of AM disorders in KS patients. These disorders are mainly characterized by the difficulties that patients with KS have in retrieving and reliving specific AMs and in retrieving recent and remote memories. Another core characteristic of AM disorders in KS is confabulations. This paper hypothesizes that patients with KS may produce autobiographical confabulations to support their objectives and beliefs or even to answer a social demand or simply to share personal experiences with others. Although the current evidence demonstrates disorders of AM in KS, there is a need for more research about the characteristics of these disorders. This review thus proposes several perspectives for theoretical and clinical research.

Dates and versions

hal-03349603 , version 1 (20-09-2021)



M. El Haj. Autobiographical memory in Korsakoff syndrome: A review. L'Encéphale, 2021, 47 (4), pp.356-361. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2020.11.013⟩. ⟨hal-03349603⟩
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