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Tell about yourself to improve your autobiographical memory: a study of Korsakoff's syndrome

Abstract : Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) has been associated with a difficulty to retrieve specific autobiographical memories. We investigated whether this difficulty can be alleviated after the retrieval of statements describing self-images. KS patients and control participants were recruited and asked to retrieve autobiographical memories after providing statements to the question "Who am I?" and after a control condition consisting of verbal fluency. Analysis showed higher autobiographical specificity in the "Who am I?" than in verbal fluency condition in both patients with KS and control participants. At a theoretical level, our findings demonstrate how retrieval of information related to conceptual self may influence autobiographical memory in KS. At a clinical level, our procedures are important as they demonstrate how a simple task (i.e., "Who am I?" statements) may serve as a tool to cue specific autobiographical memories in patients with KS.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 11:39:35 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 9:56:36 AM

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Mohamad El Haj, Marie Charlotte Gandolphe, Ahmed Moustafa, Jean-Louis Nandrino. Tell about yourself to improve your autobiographical memory: a study of Korsakoff's syndrome. Psychiatry Research, Elsevier, 2018, 268, pp.37-41. ⟨10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.064⟩. ⟨hal-03343595⟩

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