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Self-administered vitamin D status predictor : older adults are able to use a self-questionnaire for evaluating their vitamin D status

Abstract : The 16-item Vitamin D Status Predictor (VDSP) questionnaire helps to identify, without resorting to a blood test, older adults with low vitamin D concentrations. Our objective was to determine whether a self-administered VDSP was concordant with the VDSP administered by a physician, and to examine the concordance of every single item of the VDSP. Methods A total of 349 older in- and outpatients (mean, 83.2±7.2years; 59% female) were consecutively recruited in the geriatric ward of the University Hospital of Angers, France. All participants completed a self-administered VDSP questionnaire (self-VDSP) in paper format composed of 17 items exploring age, gender, general condition, nutrition, vision, mood, cognition, gait and falls, and osteoporosis. All participants underwent subsequently a full clinical examination by a physician exploring the same areas (rater-VDSP). Results The agreement between the self-VDSP and the rater-VDSP was almost perfect for the probability of having low vitamin D concentrations, regardless of the definition used (i.e., ≤25, ≤50 or ≤75 nmol/L). The agreements between physicians’ and patients’ responses were significant for every single VDSP item. The agreement was fair to perfect for all items, except for cognitive disorders, undernutrition and polymorbidity (poor agreement). Conclusions Older adults are able to evaluate their own probabilities of severe vitamin D deficiency, deficiency and insufficiency. A self-questionnaire may promote the use of the VDSP tool in this population, and help clinicians in decisions to supplement their patients in a reasoned way.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 7, 2022 - 12:24:43 PM
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Cédric Annweiler, Anastasiia Kabeshova, Alix Callens, Marie-Liesse Paty, Michael F. Holick, et al.. Self-administered vitamin D status predictor : older adults are able to use a self-questionnaire for evaluating their vitamin D status. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (11), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0186578⟩. ⟨hal-03287646⟩

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