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« Idéal de la raison, catastrophe de la raison. Utopisme et scepticisme chez Foigny, Swift et Holberg »

Abstract : Early modern imaginary voyages have often been analyzed as "progressive" narratives, exemplifying the rationalistic criticism of prejudice, superstition and fanaticism. Yet their links with ancient satire implies further hermeneutical complexities. They often stage rational and rationalist people, or even some people passionate by reason. But the alternative to our irrational world proves an illusion: prone to suicide or genocide, Foigny's Australians or Swift's Yahoos extend the rejection of humanities to its last consequences. Mad scientists in Swift's Laputa and Balnibardi or in Holberg's pseudo-utopias tend to underline the divorce between science and wisdom. Ignoring the distinction between utopia and dystopia, these sceptical authors do not praise obscurantism, conversely, They play ironically on the narrator's curiosity in order to embed the reader in a critical reflexion on the ultimate paradoxes of reason.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 3:49:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 26, 2022 - 12:25:58 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03248465, version 1

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Nicolas Correard. « Idéal de la raison, catastrophe de la raison. Utopisme et scepticisme chez Foigny, Swift et Holberg ». Dystopies et perturbations de l’utopie, Nov 2013, Bordeaux, France. pp.73--94. ⟨hal-03248465⟩

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