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Stress Relaxation during Artificial Aging of an AlSi7Cu0.5Mg Cast Alloy

Abstract : After casting and solidification, Al cast cylinder heads undergo a sequence of heat treatments to achieve the desired material properties. This sequence comprises solution heat treatment (SHT), quenching, and artificial aging. Internal stresses are formed due to temperature gradients in the complex geometry of the cylinder heads during quenching from the SHT temperature to room temperature. Especially high tensile stresses can produce damage during service. However, part of these internal stresses relaxes during the aging treatment. This work aims to systematically measure the relaxation of the stresses, as well as to phenomenologically model the amount and rate of relaxation. Cast specimens of AlSi7Cu0.5Mg are heat-treated in a furnace before relaxation in a creep testing machine. SHT and SHT plus aging at 180, 200, and 230 °C for 0 h, 0.5 h, 1 h, 4 h, and 6 h are carried out before testing. The relaxation of the stress at constant temperature and strain over 5 h is recorded at three different testing temperatures (180 °C, 200 °C, and 230 °C). The relaxation process is strongly dependent on the testing temperature: at 180 °C and 200 °C the equilibrium stress was already reached after around 1 h, and at 230 °C the equilibrium was reached after 3.5 h. The initial stress values do not influence the relaxation rate. A phenomenological relaxation model is developed to calculate the stress decrement over time and the equilibrium stress in the AlSi7Cu0.5Mg-alloy. The model allows for calculating the levels of residual stress at any time during artificial aging as a function of the thermal history of the alloy, the relaxation temperature, and the initial stress level. Complete relaxation of the initial stress is not reached within 5 h.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 3:58:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 2, 2022 - 5:50:05 PM


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René Wang, Dinesh Ram, Bernhard Stauder, Ricardo Fernández Gutiérrez, Elisabetta Gariboldi, et al.. Stress Relaxation during Artificial Aging of an AlSi7Cu0.5Mg Cast Alloy. Crystals, 2022, 12 (8), pp.1168. ⟨10.3390/cryst12081168⟩. ⟨hal-03791893⟩



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